Cross-Boundary LHDs

Cross-boundary LHDs are mostly, but not limited to, Category E "coordination errors in the ATC-to-ATC transfer of control responsibility as a result of human factors issues". Category E LHDs constitute about 90% of all LHD occurrences and usually most of the risk in RVSM.

To ensure that there is coordination between the two involving ATS units to uncover the cause and prevent future occurrences, the following additional coordination procedure is recommended for every LHD occurrence that involves another ATS unit.